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Founder:
Zaporizhzhya Regional State Administration,
Department of Culture, Tourism, Nationalities and Religions
Zaporozhye Regional Tourist Information Centre

Berdyansk district

Berdyansk district covers an area of ​​1.7 thousand square meters. kilometers southeast of Zaporozhye region. In 37 towns there live 28.3 thousand people. 67% of the population is Ukrainian, 17% - Russians, 16% - Bulgarians, Greeks and other nationalities.

Berdyansk region as a territorial unit was formed in 1923. From 1923 to 1925 years Novospasivskym area was called by most of the time of settlement - the village Novospasovka (now the village Osipenko) from 1925 to 1939 years - Berdyansk area. In 1939, the area was renamed in honor of Osypenkivskyy area native local village Novospasovka Hero of the Soviet Union, the legendary pilot Denisovna Polina Osipenko. From 1958 to present - Berdyansk area.

Most of the Berdyansk region lies on the Black Sea Lowland (height 30 - 100 m). His territory flow 11 rivers of the Azov basin, most of them - Byrd and Obitochna its tributary river Kiltychiya many estuaries and salt lakes.

The area is bordered to the west of the seaside district of the north - Chernigov and Kuibyshev district of Zaporozhye region in the east - on Donetsk region, the south is washed by the Azov Sea. All of the district covered steppes.

To all tourist facilities district are comfortable paved paths that can be reached by bus, taxi or car, as well as tourist railway.

Areas and objects protected areas

A. Botanical reserve "Baby." Berdyansk district, 5 km. southeast of s.Uspenivka. Average pohorbovana undulating plain. The plot of virgin wilderness, not because of the complexity rozpahanoho relief and high kam'yanystosti. Vegetation is represented by meadow-steppe

Цілинна ділянка 2. Entomological reserve "virgin land". Berdyansk district, neighborhood s.Karla Marx. Average pohorbovana undulating plain. The plot of virgin wilderness, preserved by a large kamyanystosti and hilly. Vegetation is represented by meadow-steppe and steppe with a true large group pteridophytic-steppe species.

3. Entomological reserve "pasture." Berdyansk district, within Demetrius s / he Slightly pohorbovana rolling plain. Plot virgin steppe saved through inaccessibility c / households. cultivation. Vegetation - a true steppe and steppe-pteridophytic kinds of grasses, wild rose.


балка вовча 4. Entomological reserve "Beam Wolf." Berdyansk district, within the land Osypenkivskoyi c / d, on the left bank Berdivskoho reservoir. The slopes of beams with low levels of steepness of 12-15 degrees. Referrals from east to west, flows into Byrd. Borders beams obsazheni trees hardwood and softwood, including grass cover. Dominated by meadow-steppe species. Foxes, ferrets, rabbits and baybachky - hare. Title beam obtained through a large population of wolves once here. An entrance paved (meeting on the route Odessa - Rostov near the village. Osipenko), 500 of primers.

зелена гора 5. Botanical reserve "Green Mountain". Berdyansk rn t Andriivka, 1 km south-west. Rocky increase on the right bank of the Kiltychyyi with vybalkom. Obsazhena trees hardwood and softwood, including grass cover dominated by meadow-steppe pteridophytic species. An entrance paved and unpaved (meeting on the road subordination Berdyansk, Zaporozhye, near the village. Andriivka) is a place to rest.

Цілинна ділянка 6. Botanical reserve "virgin land". Berdyansk district, p. Polouzivka. Average pohorbovana undulating plain. The plot of virgin wilderness, preserved by a large kamyanystosti and hilly. Vegetation - meadow-steppe and steppe, with a group pteridophytic-steppe species. Inhabited baybachky and hares - hare.

7. Botanical reserve "Shaytanova beam." Berdyansk district, near the village. Andriivka, 3 kilometers south-west. Beam Kiltychiyi basin (a tributary). Vegetation is represented by meadow-steppe and steppe with a true large group pteridophytic-steppe species.

вишнева балка 8. Botanical reserve "Cherry beam." Berdyansk district, near the village. Karl Marx. Beam basin Berestyanky, right tributary, the Byrd. The edges of the beam wide zone deciduous trees and shrubs. Herbs mostly prairie, with a group pteridophytic-steppe species. Presented in the form of outputs granite rocks.

балка засоріна 9. Entomological reserve "Beam Zasorina." Berdyansk district, within the land Osypenkivskoyi s / he, on the left bank Berdivskoho reservoir, 2 km. above the dam. Steepness of slopes beam is about 15 degrees. Direction from east to west. According to local legend, named after the beam Zasorin Cossack, who had a farm there in the late 18th early 19th century. The mouth of the beam comes to Berdivskoho reservoir. Vegetation - meadow-steppe and steppe, with a group pteridophytic-steppe species. The edges of the wide band beam deciduous-coniferous stands. On the stony river bank is a natural place to rest. Exit from the highway Odessa-Rostov dirt road 2 miles.

балка біля ставка 10. Entomological reserve "Beam near the pond." Berdyansk district, DP "Berdyansk forestry" - 42 hectares Andrivska p / p - 2 ha, 1 km east of the village. Silk. Slightly pohorbovana rolling plain. Plot deciduous trees, including mulberry, with fragments of virgin wilderness, preserved by waterlogging and complexity of relief. Vegetation is represented by meadow-steppe species of herbs. Are found ferrets, rabbits and baybachky - hare.

балка висока скеля 11. Cliff "High Rock" reserve of 1972. Berdyansk area, Nicholas Village Council, 500 m from the village. Cliff height of 15 meters, the river, other sides surrounded by field vegetation. On the right bank of Byrd, the east is washed by the river (vegetation - reeds), with other parties - the continuation of rocky shore. Cafe 1.5 km. Asphalt and dirt an entrance.

віслюкові вуха 12. Rock 'colt ears ", protected since 1972 Berdyansk area, Nicholas Village Council, 2 miles south of the village on the right bank of Byrd. Rocky massif in the form of a horseshoe, elongated along the river, divided into separate segments of the rock. The west is surrounded by large tracts of virgin desert with vybalkom. The total length of the array - 1.5 mi. The name of a rocky ravine gave the highest of the rocks, crowned with two quartzite dike. Granite rocks under weathering received various forms of painting. Among the vegetation is dominated chabrets normal and feather grass. Width of the channel of the river here expands, stony banks cut bays. Nesting wild ducks, sandpipers, herons. An entrance paved, 500 m primers.

філонова балка 13. "Filonov beam." Berdyansk district, near the village. Kalaytanivka. Beam is a shallow rocky gorge that descends to Byrd. Name comes from the surname of the first settlers in this locality. It flows a stream, there is a miniature waterfall. Behind it crosses the creek rocky canyon with steep cliffs with deep nyshamy. In the clefts are hidden ferns, 5 species of which are relict. On the slopes of trees and shrubs, marsh and meadow grass. It remains of the old forest ravine. On the rocks grow avryniya rock, snowdrops dvolystna, fragrant violet. An entrance paved, 200 m primers.

14. "The old freshwater well on virgin land." Berdyansk district, near the village. Kalaytanivka, 8 km from the center. Placed in the beam, which flows into Byrd, in 700 m from the river. "Found a fountain" (source among granite rocks), is a river, turning abruptly to the south created a beautiful corner of nature. Water has sufficient myakist, good taste. It saved a special sagebrush-fescue-kovylna flora. In the clefts of live bats. Exit asphalt from the bridge over Byrd, 400 m in hruntivtsi.

Гранітні скелі 15. "Granite". Berdyansk district, within the lands Nicholas s / he Separately standing granite rocks near the river Byrd. Is part of the granite output Azov crystalline massif. An entrance asphalt and soil.

захарівська фортеця 16. "Zaharivska fortress." Berdyansk district, south of the village. Kalaytanivka, right bank, the Byrd. Earthworks in the form of rectangular 12-star, located on the dominant height (watershed). Here is a fragment preserved relic feathergrass-fescue steppes: only about 300 species of grass plants. Among them are rare and endemic species - flax Chernyaeva, narrow peony, wild onion, hiatsyntnyk Pallas, tulip zmiyelystnyy, various kinds of feather grass. The basis of herbage grasses are: fescue, feather grass, wheat grass volosonostnyy. Live partridges, quail.

17. Earthen mound with a virgin. Berdyansk district, near the village. Sophia park, 1 mile north of the village. In Watershed improvement. Archaeological monument - Kourgannoe burial of the Bronze Age with a plot nerozpahanoho (feathergrass-fescue) steppe.

узбережжя азовського моря 18. "Land of the Azov Sea." Berdyansk district, within the land Lunacharsky s / p, Azov Sea, 1.5 km east of the village. Urvysta of coastline (south slope). Land coast of part of the slope. Vegetation - meadow-steppe and steppe, with a group pteridophytic-steppe species. An entrance paved, 200 m primers, is a natural place to rest.

19. Earthen mound with tsilynkoyu. Nicholas Village Council, 3.5 km from the village to the west. In Watershed increase (right bank, the Berda). Archaeological monument - Kourgannoe burial of the Bronze Age with a plot nerozpahanoho (feathergrass-fescue) steppe.

20. "Horn ridge of stony placers." Berdyansk district, p. Kalaytanivka. On the right bank Berda separate granite ridge, facing south. Strand extracted rocks near the water's edge. It consists of many minerals. On the rocks grow avryniya rock, the trees dvolystna, fragrant violet.

скеля кристал 21. Cliff "Crystal" and rock "quartzite." Berdyansk district, east of the village. Radyvonivka 1 km. Granite, standing alone among the rock field vegetation. As the surrounding rock masses, are the remnants denudatsiyni Azov crystalline massif. Rocks penetrated layers of quartz, which probably formed from sand.

скеля кварцитова 22. "Virgin land". Berdyansk district, Apt. 14, select the 3.9 SE "Berdyansk hopodarstvo forestry." Slightly pohorbovana rolling plain. Vegetation is represented by meadow-steppe species of herbs. An entrance paved.

23. "Fox beam." Berdyansk district, Demetrius Village, 2 km pыvdenno-west. Mid-pohorbovana undulating plain. Steepness of slopes beams is 20-22 degrees. Beam is part of the Azov Sea basin. Size - 5 ha, the depth of 40-45 m, length 0.7 km in the middle part is divided into two arms. Around the beams remained small strip of virgin steppe vegetation. It is dominated by grasses - feather grass Lessing, fescue, cooker awnless. Also present: meadow sage, sage drooped. Exit from the highway Odessa-Rostov primers 500 meters from the Congress of the road for 20 miles. west of Berdyansk.

24. "Near Makorty." Eastern neighborhood Berdiansk. Mid-pohorbovana undulating plain. Plot hardwood plantations Excerpt virgin steppe. Approach road asphalt and soil.

25. Age maple tree holly 110 - 115 years, 160 years old. Berdyansk district, 15 distance path Zaporizhzhya the Dnieper branch railway, near the railway booth picket 203 km. Slightly pohorbovana rolling plain. Old trees in the area of ​​virgin steppe

26. "Gully meadow." Berdyansk district, p. Silk. Slightly pohorbovana rolling plain. Plot virgin steppe saved by inaccessibility of agricultural cultivation (vybalok). Plot deciduous trees, including mulberry, with fragments of virgin steppe.

27. "Steppe virgin." Berdyansk district, the lands of the Dnieper railway 189-190 km. Around the station Trojans. It starts from the bridge on the highway Rostov - Odessa and extends to c. Trojans. Includes virgin steppe and adjacent gully basin Kiltychiyi with over 250 species of steppe plants. Exit asphalt and soil car-ways.

Скеля Сова Пимонова 28. "Owl Rock Pimonov." Berdyansk district, the lands K. Marxist Village p. Kalaytanivka, 1.5 km pыvdenno-west of the center. Separate granite rock on the right bank of Byrd. Included in strands extracted rocks near the water's edge. Contains minerals: almandine, ilmenite and rutile. Along thickets of reeds and bushes of hawthorn hips.

29. Berdyansk reservoir. Reserve. Earth Berdyansk Gorvodocanal. Mid-pohorbovana undulating plain. Steepness of slopes beams is 20-25 degrees. Planted deciduous and coniferous and deciduous trees (pine, poplar). Vegetation - a true steppe and steppe-pteridophytic kinds of grasses, wild rose. Thoroughfares asphalt and soil car-ways (meeting on the route Odessa-Rostov near the village. Osipenko).


Institutions of Culture and Arts

National Museum of the village Osipenko. District Tourist Information Centre (RTITS)

Address: 71160, Zaporozhye., Berdyansk district, s.Osypenko st. Sokolov, 16.

Phone: (097) 730-07-07, (093) 934-50-54, (093) 934-50-53

Opened in 1968 The museum has exposure sections: archeology, settling the land, the village at the time of the Azov Cossack Host (1832-1865rr.) During the liberation of the peasant (Makhno) Traffic 1918 1921rr., During World War II. Special exhibition on the life and activities of the pilot - the heroine PD Osipenko.

Since 2009 works at the museum district tourist information center "native paths steppes." The museum is located near the route Odessa - Rostov, in the center of the settlement next to the memorial complex in the village park. Over 50 meters are parking, cafe, playground.


Historical and cultural attractions

поліні осипенко Polina Osipenko Danylivna Monument - pilot, Hero of the Soviet Union. Location: Zaporozhye., Berdyansk region, p. Osipenko, the center of the village, the village park, on the memorial. Bronze bust pilot P.D.Osypenko (1905-1939) on a pedestal of black granite found at home heroine June 22, 1941 During the ceremony became aware of the beginning war, so at the meeting held on the first record of the village and district volunteers, who soon went to the front. During the occupation of the village sculpture was sent to the factory Steel Works (Mariupol) for remelting, but factory workers managed to save her. After the release of Azov in 1943 a monument was restored. Alongside the museum, stop public transport, parking, cafes, shops.


поховання повстанців махновців Bratsk warrior burial insurgents with Makhno. Novospasovka (now-Osipenko) 1919 Location: Zaporozhye., Berdyansk area, s.Osypenko, the center of the village, the village park near the museum. Burial of ashes 18 rebels killed in fighting with bilohvardivskymy military units in the Azov Sea 'families with military honors was held in November 1919, after the release of rebel formations of Northern Azov from Denikin's army, led Novospasivskoho Volrevkomu, commander of the Azov body Insurgent Army of Ukraine (Makhno) T. Vdovychenko and komandarmu rebel N. Makhno. (Photo in the museum).
Trofim Vdovychenko full of George Holder for the first World War and among the peasants nayshanovashyy Azov Sea commander of the rebels, shot three NC RSFR decision in May 1921 in Alexandrovsk (Kiev). Place of burial unknown.
The monument of stone and concrete installed in 1982 on a single stored in Berdyansk rebel area burial. Alongside the museum, the memorial of the village, parking, cafe.

The monument - a plane in honor of Hero of the Soviet Union PD Osipenko. Location: Zaporozhye., Berdyansk region, p. Osipenko, on the route Odessa-Rostov, near the bridge over the river Byrd on vyizdi in the central part of the village. Monument established in 1980 aircraft - MiG-15, on a metal pedestal concrete podium, platform paved with concrete slabs, arranged green lawns.
The village is situated on the river Byrd, within 23 km of Berdyansk the road towards Mariupol, Rostov, it is possible to fish, place on the banks of the tents. The climate is typical of the steppes, the average temperature of 10 C.

меморіал Memorial in honor of soldiers-liberators. Location: Zaporozhye., Berdyansk area villages. Andriivka. Central village make a mistake. Memorial. 72 Soviet soldiers who died in combat during the liberation Andriivka in September 1943 buried at the memorial. Next - park, founded in 1966. Also near several cafes, dining, shopping, parking and shopping.

Monument to Lieutenant A. Smirnov. Location: Zaporozhye., Berdyansk area, s.Shevchenkove, the center of the village. Commanding the 18th Army, General AK Smirnov, heroichno killed along with the headquarters of the army in battle, surrounded by 8 October 1941 refusing to put into captivity, near the neighboring village popovki (now-Smirnov) Kuibyshev district. In deference to the valor manifested, the Germans buried with solemn military honors. Bust set on a granite pedestal. Alongside cafe, parking. Paved roads of local importance.

Monument to the members of the commune named. Comintern. Location: Zaporozhye., Berdyansk area, s.Dolynske, the center of the village. Established in 1972 to honor the 50th anniversary of the commune "Kominern" in s. Dolynske. Road paved from Berdyansk and district center - the village. Andriivka (local). Along avtozupynka public transport and parking, cafe.


History and architecture

захарівська фотеця Remains Zaharivskoyi fortress. Location: Zaporozhye., Berdyansk region, p. Kalaytanivka, 1.5 miles south of the village. In the second half of the 18th century. (1770's) to eliminate the threat of Turkish and proletarian, and the opening of free access to the shores of the Black and Azov Seas was built Dnieper line of fortifications. Zaharivska fortress was built on the river Byrd. The name received in honor of the then military leader Zechariah Chernysheva.
In the period of the Azov Cossack Host (1832-1865 years) it served service Cossack troops. Well preserved castle fortifications in the form of an octagonal star. From p. Kalaytanivka 1.5 km dirt road.

Remains Petrove fortress. Location: Zaporozhye., Berdyansk region, p. Novopetrivka, within the south-western part of the village. In the second half of the 18th century. (1770's) to eliminate the threat of Turkish and proletarian, and the opening of free access to the shores of the Black and Azov Seas was built Dnieper line of fortifications. Peter's fortress was built at the mouth of the Byrd name received in honor of the then military leader Peter Rumyantsev. In the period of the Azov Cossack Host (1832-1865 years) it served service Cossack troops rozmischaly headquarters and the Office of troops. Located on the beach. In place of walls with modern neighborhoods. Novopetrivka. The climate is typical of the steppes, the average temperature of 10 C.
Asphalt an entrance, near a supervised car park, beach, cafes and dining rooms, children's playgrounds.


Health care institutions

Berdyansk area


Contacts

Department of Culture and Tourism Berdyansk State Administration

Pomazan Olga Stanislavovna

71112, Berdyansk, etc. Won 3, tel. (06153) 3 - 40-12

District tourist information center "native paths steppes" Osypenkivskyy Historical Museum. P. Osipenko

Address: 71160, Zaporozhye., Berdyansk district., P. Osipenko str. Sokolov, 16

Tel. : (097) 730-07-07, (06153) 9-94-48, (097) 580-79-15